WHAT IS HEMIPLEGIA?
The technical definition of
Hemiplegia is: paralysis of one side of the body. Hemiplegia is paralysis on
one full side of the body including the arm, trunk and leg. The most common
cause is stroke. Hemiplegia occurs when there is a disruption of blood flow to
the brain, causing part of the brain to die. Spastic Hemiplegia affects one side
of the body with increased tendon reflexes and spasms occurring in the affected
The side affected by Hemiplegia
depends on which side the brain is affected. If someone has a right side
orientated stroke they will have left side Hemiplegia and vice versa. The
degree of disability depends on the degree of neurological damage. In all cases
of Hemiplegia if the brain damage occurs before, during or after birth up to the
age of 2 it is then considered cerebral palsy.
TREATMENTS OF HEMIPLEGIA
Treatment of spastic
Hemiplegia (Hemiparesis) of the upper extremity generally follows a conservative
to aggressive therapy schedule that starts physical therapy and occupational
therapy and may progress to such treatments as serial casting, botox, and tendon
lengthening or transfer. Individual patient treatment for children with Spastic
Hemiplegia take into consideration their developmental milestones, growth spurts
and the severity of the disability.
CAUSES OF HEMIPLEGIA
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