With some seizure types
very little first aid may be needed. For example, in a partial seizure guiding
someone away from danger may be all that is necessary.
It is not usually
necessary to call for an ambulance when someone has an epileptic seizure.
However, it may be necessary in the following circumstances unless a doctor can
attend straight away.
for an ambulance if....
A prolonged seizure or
series of seizures without regaining consciousness is called Ďstatus epilepticusí
and is a medical emergency.
Lack of normal respiratory
movements combined with extreme muscular contractions during a seizure throws
stress on the cardiovascular system. The continuing lack of oxygen may lead
eventually to brain damage.
Status epilepticus is
usually convulsive, but sometimes it can be non-convulsive ie. absence or
complex partial status. This will need intervention, although the urgency is not
as great. Status epilepticus is a rare occurrence, except in a very few
patients with difficult to control epilepsy.
When status epilepticus
occurs a doctor will usually give an intravenous injection of diazepam at the
scene of the seizure or in hospital. Other intravenous compounds may be used as
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